Pathology is the process of examining breast tissue to see whether it is cancerous. If cancer is found, the pathology report will help determine treatment options.

The pathology report describes the characteristics of the cancer that was found. These include the size of the tumour, hormone levels, HER2 status, and lymph node involvement.

Your surgeon or medical oncologist will discuss the results in the pathology report with you and your family.

Preparing for your visit

Questions for your surgeon or medical oncologist

  • What type of breast cancer do I have?
  • What can be done to treat the cancer?
  • Has the cancer spread?
  • Do I have to decide on the treatment right away or can I look for more information and think about it? Where can I get more information?
  • This is a big decision to make; can I get a second opinion?
  • What are the chances that the cancer will come back?
  • What if I choose not to have treatment? What would happen?
  • Will treatment affect my fertility?
To prepare for your conversation with your surgeon or medical oncologist, you may wish to bring the Pathology Report Checklist with you.

Contact your medical oncologist or surgeon if you have any questions or concerns regarding results.

Learn more about cancer pathology from: